It is defined as pain or discomfort in the teeth as a response to stimuli such as hot or cold temperature.It may be temporary or chronic and it can affect one tooth or several teeth or all teeth in single individual.
● Brushing your teeth too hard
● Using hard toothbrush
● Grinding your teeth at night
● Regularly eating or drinking acidic beverages
● Gum recession can leave sections of teeth exposed and unprotected.causing sensitivity.
● Tooth decay , broken teeth, chipped teeth and worn down fillings can leave dentin of tooth exposed causing sensitivity.
People with sensitive teeth may experience pain or discomfort as response to certain triggers . The most common triggers are:
1. Hot food and beverages
2. Cold food and beverages
3. Acidic food and beverages
4. Cold air
5. Sweet foods
6. Brushing or flossing your teeth.
If your tooth sensitivity is mild
Desensitising tooth paste: It contains compounds that help block transmission of sensation from tooth surface to nerve and usually requires several application.
Fluoride gel or varnish: it strengthens enamel and reduces transmissions of sensation. Crown, Inlay, or Bonding: they are used to correct the flaw or decay that results in sensitivity. If your tooth sensitivity is severe
Root canal treatment : if sensitivity is severe nd persistent , the dentist wil recommend to go for Root canal treatment to eliminate the problem permanently.
Surgical gum graft: this will protect root and reduces sensitivity if gum tissue has eroded from root.