teeth senstivity

TOOTH SENSITIVITY

It is defined as pain or discomfort in the teeth as a response to stimuli such as  hot or cold temperature.It may be temporary or chronic and it can affect one tooth or several  teeth or all teeth in single individual. 

Causes: 

● Brushing your teeth too hard 

● Using hard toothbrush  

● Grinding your teeth at night 

● Regularly eating or drinking acidic beverages 

● Gum recession can leave sections of teeth exposed and unprotected.causing sensitivity.

● Tooth decay , broken teeth, chipped teeth and worn down fillings can leave dentin of  tooth exposed causing sensitivity. 

Symptoms: 

People with sensitive teeth may experience pain or discomfort as response to certain triggers .  The most common triggers are: 

1. Hot food and beverages 

2. Cold food and beverages 

3. Acidic food and beverages 

4. Cold air  

5. Sweet foods  

6. Brushing or flossing your teeth. 

Treatment: 

 If your tooth sensitivity is mild 

Desensitising tooth paste: It contains compounds that help block transmission of sensation  from tooth surface to nerve and usually requires several application. 

Fluoride gel or varnish: it strengthens enamel and reduces transmissions of sensation. Crown, Inlay, or Bonding: they are used to correct the flaw or decay that results in sensitivity. If your tooth sensitivity is severe 

Root canal treatment : if sensitivity is severe nd persistent , the dentist wil recommend to go  for Root canal treatment to eliminate the problem permanently. 

Surgical gum graft: this will protect root and reduces sensitivity if gum tissue has eroded from  root. 

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