gingivitis

GINGIVITIS

It is a common and mild form of gum disease that causes irritation, redness and swelling of your gingiva, the part of your gum around the base of your teeth. If left untreated, it can become a more serious infection known as periodontitis and tooth loss. 

Causes: 

Poor oral hygiene that causes plaque to form on tooth causing inflammation of  succeeding gum tissues leading to gingivitis. 

Plaque forms on your teeth:

It is an invisible sticky film composed mainly of bacteria that forms on your teeth when starch and sugar in food interact with bacteria normally found in your mouth. 

Plaque turns in to tartar :

Plaque that stays in your teeth can harden under your gum line into tartar(calculus)which collects bacteria. Tartar makes plaque more difficult to remove, creates a protective shield for bacteria, and cause irritation  

Gingiva becomes inflammed:

The longer plaque and tartar remain on your teeth, the more they irritate gingiva causing inflammation of your gums around the base of your teeth. If not treated gingivitis can lead to periodontitis. 

Symptoms: 

1. Gums that are red, tender or swollen  

2. Gums that bleed when you brush or floss your teeth 

3. Bad breath  

4. Receeding gums 

5. Inflammation or swollen gums. 

Treatment: 

1) Professional dental cleaning: 

Your initial professional cleaning will include removing all traces of plaque, tartar, and  bacterial products known as scaling and root planing. 

A) Scaling : This removes tartar and bacteria from your tooth surface and beneath  your gums. 

B)Root planing:  It involves the removal of bacterial products produced by inflammation, smoothens root surface, and further prevents the build-up of tartar and bacteria, and allows proper healing. 

2)Others: 

Poorly fitting dentures, bridges and crowns and other dental restorations may irritate  your gums So better to fix these problems in your dental visit.

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